World War One Sites - The NETWORLD Database
Memorial Church of Holly Spirit on Javorca, Slovenia
The memorial church of the Holy Spirit is the most beautiful monument left from the period of the First World War. The church was built by 3rd Austro-Hungarian Army between 1916 and 1917. In the years 2007 and 2017 the church received the European Heritage Label.
Type of WWI-heritage
- War monument
200 m2 (20 m x 10 m)
State of repair/preservation
The church is well preserved.
Historical WWI Context
The memorial church of the Holy Spirit stands in an exceptional natural environment of the Julian Alps, above the alp Polog. The construction of the church was closely connected with the events on the Isonzo Front. Namely, between 1916 and 1917, the soldiers of the 3rd Austro-Hungarian Mountain Brigade were building it with their own hands and with the support of donations in memory of their dead comrades. It was erected on the location which was approximately equally distant from the most important fighting positions of the brigade on Mt. Vodil vrh, Mt. Mrzli vrh, the ridge Sleme and Mt. Rdeči rob. The idea of the memorial church is best presented in the oak boards, which open like the pages of a book along the walls of the church. The soldiers burnt in the names of 2565 killed comrades who had lost their lives in the surrounding mountains into this “book of the dead”. Most of these soldiers are buried in the military cemetery at Loče near Tolmin.
Today, it is not only a unique artistic jewel, but it has also preserved the symbolic mission of peace. It reminds visitors of the horrors of the war and at the same time it also calls for reconciliation and for inner and everlasting peace. In the years 2007 and 2017 the church received the European Heritage Label.
State of legal protection
Cultural monument of national significance.
Občina Tolmin (Municipality of Tolmin) https://tolmin.e-obcina.si/
Kind of cultural use of WWI
18. April - 14. June – Saturday, Sunday, holidays 10.00 - 17.00
14. June - 31. August – every day 10.00 - 19.00
1. September - 20. September – every day 10.00 - 17.00
26. September - 1. November – Saturday, Sunday, holidays 10.00 - 17.00
If you would like to visit the church outside the opening hours you can get the key at TIC Tolmin (Ulica Petra Skalarja 4).
Information regarding cities, villages, other touristic attractions (non-WWI) nearby
Ecological village Čadrg
the source of the river Tolminka https://issuu.com/slotraveler/docs/javorca-2013-ang-02_ok
Triglav National Park https://www.tnp.si/en/learn/
The confluence of Tolminka and Soča river https://www.soca-valley.com/en/soca-valley/soca-festivalley/
The remains of Tolmin castle on the elevation Kozlov rob http://www.tol-muzej.si/?id=132&lang=en
The nearest bus stop is in the center of Tolmin (10 km away), the nearest train station in Most na Soči (18 km away).
Further information sources
Other heritage sites nearby
Museums Private Collections
Tolmin Museum, Mestni trg 4, 5220 Tolmin, http://www.tol-muzej.si/
Little Museum of the Isonzo Front "Tolmin Bridgehead"
Peter Kogoj, Most na Soči
Memorial Church of Holly Spirit on Javorca, Slovenia46.23490162664682 13.719950312640662 fileadmin/res/images/layout/standar-marker.png