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Monument-Mausoleum of the WWI Heroes, Targu Neamt, Romania

The Monument-Mausoleum (dedicated to mountain hunters) was inaugurated on June 29, 1939, and is the work of architect Theodor Burca. It is both a monument (as it is an architectural and artwork of great proportions meant to commemorate the glorious and heroic sacrifices that took place during the First World War) and a mausoleum (as it is a great burial monument, erected in the memory of mountain hunter heroes who fell on the battlefront of the Reunification War and buried in the crypt that is at the base of the monument).

The work has a 16-foot socket, whose shape suggests an observation gazebo. On the sides are three marble slabs: one reminds of July 27, 1917, when the mountain hunters left the front line; the second, a large plate contains the name of the 72 "mountain hunters fallen on the field of honour", and the third one includes the text dedicated to the monument's unveiling.

On the base there are two bas-reliefs: one presents a winged woman who symbolizes Romania. She is dressed in Roman clothes, featuring a sword at her hip and is presented in the act of jumping off a mountain peak. In the left hand, she holds Romania's coat of arms on her shoulder, and in her extended right hand, she has a laurel crown.

The second bas-relief presents Romanian troops during battle. On the upper stage of the socket, there is an eagle that takes its flight to the west, the direction in which the soldiers of the first battalion of mountain hunters headed to the front of the battle. In the north, the crypt of the mausoleum takes the shape of a grave, adorned with a white cross placed on the black slab.

http://monumenteneamt.ro/monumentul-eroilor-din-primul-razboi-mondial-vanatorilor-de-munte

 

Romania, North East Region, Neamt County

Type of WWI-heritage

  • War monument

Dimensions

Height: 16 m

State of repair/preservation

The monument-mausoleum was renovated in 1990.

Historical WWI Context

The edifice is dedicated to the heroes of the Mountain Battalion in Targu Neamt, fallen in the battles of Oituz in the summer of 1917.

A history of Romania's participation in World War I can be found on the following website: http://www.marelerazboi.ro/.

State of legal protection

This is an objective included in the List of Historic Monuments, classified as historical monuments type B (NT-III-m-B-10746), according to the Order of the Minister of Culture no. 2.828/2015

Owner

Targu Neamt Town Hall

Opening

The access of the visitors is not restricted.

Entrance Fee

None

Public Transport

There is a railway line between Targu Neamt - Pascani that ensures the connection with the railway between Bucharest - Bacau - Pascani - Suceva – Viscasni (border crossing in Ukraine) (https://www.cfrcalatori.ro/). Between Targu Neamt and Pascani (and vice versa) there are 6 trains a day (http://mersultrenurilorcfr.ro/). Further, from Pascani one can also reach Iasi via the railway.

There are regular bus journeys by which the city is connected to other towns and cities in Romania and abroad.

(http://www.autogari.ro/TarguNeamt/Plecari)

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