Networld WWI CA Database (Demo)

World War I Memorial Tablet – Pécs Synagogue

A memorial tablet was installed in 1926. It was made of white stonite.

Inscription on the tablet:

"Meghaltak a hazáért - 1914-1918" / Died for the country - 1914-1918 /

92 names inscribed in alphabetic order. 

Under of it a Hebrew inscription too. / Shell their spirit take into the wreath of eternal life /

Another memorial tablet that was also made in 1926 though it was only installed in Pécs after 1945.

Inscription: 

"Hogy hullottak el az erősek."  /How did the strong ones died /

"A szentlőrinci Izr. Hitközség hősi halottai." / Heroic dead of the Israeli Synagogue of Szentlőrinc /

17 name inscribed

"Meghaltak a magyar hazáért." / Died for Hungary /

Under of it a Hebrew inscription too. / Shell their spirit take into the wreath of eternal life /

Hungary, Hungary

Type of WWI-heritage

  • War monument

Dimensions

State of repair/preservation

No information available.

Historical WWI Context

There is a special memory book among the archival documents of the synagogue of Pécs, in which both the names of the Jewish heroic dead and the survival soldiers of the Great War had been recorded. The title of the leather-bound book is "The Memory Book of the Hungarian Jewish Soldiers of Pécs Took Part in the World War I”. The book not only contains the names of the soldiers, but also includes their date of birth, their occupation, where did they die and the name of the place where they were buried.  In total there are data about 447 persons listed in alphabetic orders, so together with the heroic dead nearly 600 Jewish man joined the army and fought for Hungary during the World War I. Therefore anti-Semite accusations that were made between the two world wars against Jewish that they did not take part "properly" in the World War I were simply false.

State of legal protection

protected (Ruled by the Act LXIV of 2001 https://net.jogtar.hu/jr/gen/hjegy_doc.cgi?docid=a0100064.tv )

Owner

Public property

Kind of cultural use of WWI

Unknown

Opening

About the opening hours and more info about the Synagogue visit the following page:

www.iranypecs.hu/en/info/attractions/religious-values/synagogue.html

The Baka múzeum in Szekszárd is open Saturdays 9.00-13.00

Other visiting opportunities may be arranged for groups or non-locals by contacting György Borbandi (tel.: +36302260868, e-mail: bbander@freemail.hu) or Zoltán Tálosi (tel.: +36304571022, e-mail: repulos@hotmail.com)

For more information about “Új világ született” exhibition visit:

http://ujvilagszuletett1.elsovilaghaboru.com/en/visitor-information

The Museum of Military History is opened from Tuesday till Sunday, form 9.00 – 17.00.

(tel: +36 1 325-1600; e-mail: webmaster@mail.militaria.hu )

Entrance Fee

Entry to the Baka Museum in Szekszárd is free of charge, the entry to “Új világ született” exhibition is 3000 HUF, while the entry to the Museum of Military History is 1.500 HUF.

Information regarding cities, villages, other touristic attractions (non-WWI) nearby

The city of Pécs is home to countless tourist attractions. It has been inhabited since the Roman ages, when it was called Sopianae. One of the main tourist attractions is the Early Christian Cemetery which was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2000. This heritage site can be accessed through the Cella Septichora Visitor’s Centre. Medieval relics can be found in the Dóm Museum. The present neo-romanesque cathedral was built at the end of the 19th century. During the 16th century Pécs was occupied by the Turkish, and the modern cityscape has preserved some of its built heritage. The main attraction is the mosque of pasha Gazi Kasim, which is found on the main square (Széchenyi tér) of the city. Another important element of Pécs’ heritage is Zsolnay porcelain, their legacy being carried on and rejuvenated by the founding of the Zsolnay Cultural Quarter, which has become a new cultural scene in the city. Further tourist information about Pécs can be found at: http://www.iranypecs.hu/en/ and http://www.zsolnaynegyed.hu/

Accomodation

Various providers in broad range of categories can be found at: booking.com

Search: Pécs, (Baranya, Hungary)

Public Transport

Pécs can be accessed by train and coach also. InterCity trains leave from Budapest, Keleti pályaudvar (Eastern railway station) every two hours. The trip is 3 hours long. Timetables can be found at https://www.mavcsoport.hu/en. Coaches leave from Népliget Bus Terminal (https://www.volanbusz.hu/en/travel-information/our-stations/budapest#nepliget), the trip is about 4 hours long. Coach timetables can be found at www.menetrendek.hu and clicking on “csak Volán járatok”.

Further information sources

 

A few words about the Synagogue itself:

www.ertekespecs.hu/index.php

 

About the history of the Jewish of Pécs in World War I:

pecsizsidosag.wordpress.com/2014/02/26/pecsi-zsidok-az-i-vilaghaboruban-i/

 

Other heritage sites nearby

Museums Private Collections

There is a museum in Szekszárd (60 km north of Pécs in Tolna county) dedicated to the infantryman of Tolna county who served in the 1st and 2nd World Wars. It is the private collection of György Borbandi and Zoltán Tálosi that has been made available for public viewing. Hungarian language website: http://bakamuzeum.hupont.hu/

Address: Béla király tér 1., Vár köz, 7100 Szekszárd

„Új világ született“(„A New World Was Born“) permanent exhibition guides visitors from the belle époque through wartime enthusiasm to bitter disillusionment on over 600 square metres. The exhibition brings the horrors of war closer to the spectators of today with the help of exceptional visual devices.

Address: Várkert Bazár, Dél Palota, Ybl Miklós Square 6., 1013 Budapest

There is another permanent exhibition in the Museum of Military History in Budapest with the title, „Hungary in the Great War 1914-1918“.

Address: Kapisztrán Square 2-4, 1014 Budapest

Location

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