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Military cemeteries in Svetlice

The village of Svetlice lies in the valley of the same-name river, about 20 km southeast of the Medzilaborce district. At the time of the First World War the village was called Világ. Between March 1915, between March and 1915, Vyta and Svetlice were bloody battles. Two military cemeteries are also left behind by these struggles. 

War cemetery was part of the general cemetery. He was among the smaller cemeteries, with 8 separate graves. The victim's data is fairly complete, which is not ussuall. Six officers and one non-commissioned officer of the Austro-Hungarian army were buried here. Records of misrepresentation misrepresent the nationality of the victims whom they call Reichs of Germany. Obviously there are members of the Austro-Hungarian army, as evidenced by the Hungarian names, but also data about the military units from which the victims came.

In Svetlice, a second military cemetery was also on the municipal cemetery. But it was only after the war. Heavy battles in this section left behind a number of victims quickly buried in the village cadastre. By the end of the war, the Austro-Hungarian authorities had failed to solve the situation with fallen soldiers in a satisfactory way. After the First World War, the Czechoslovak authorities had to deal with this problem. It was decided that the fallen soldiers buried in the cadastre of the village would be exhumed and their bodies would be deposited at the newly established cemetery for the general cemetery in Svetlice.

 

Slovakia,

Type of WWI-heritage

  • Military cemetery

Dimensions

State of repair/preservation

The cemetery was reconstructed in the period of 2013-2015,

Historical WWI Context

All the victims buried at this cemetery died on April 3, 1915, during the most violent fights in this area. There is also buried captain Hugo Scharl, who fallen during an energetic counterattack, aiming to re-capture the original Austrian position on the ridge of Part, temporarily occupied by Russian soldiers. This fight was attended by soldiers of Austro-Hungarian Peace Regiments no. 94 and 101. The fact that the five officers buried at the cemetery of Svetlice I come from these two regiments show the hardness of the fighting this day. In the last tomb there is an unknown soldier according to the data. Tomb no. 8 do not lie in one line with the other graves, which may point to a lower rank of the victim. However, this fact can not be confirmed by archival material.

At present, it is not possible to precisely determine the place where the Military Cemetery of Svetlice I was located. There are no longer any indications that would contribute to the successful identification of the cemetery. Where the military graves should be located, the tombs are now civil. We have only unverified information, so we can only move in the hypothesis plane. This information claims that the cemetery was canceled after the First World War. It was necessary to get a place for civil graves. During the inter-war period, they were in the vicinity of the exhumation of the scattered tombs, and it was decided that a new military cemetery would be established behind the general cemetery in Svetlice. After the construction of the cemetery Svetlice II. the officers of the older cemetery were exhumed and transferred to the new cemetery.

State of legal protection

Not protected

Owner

Village Svetlice

Kind of cultural use of WWI

Opening

Entrance Fee

No entrance fee

Information regarding cities, villages, other touristic attractions (non-WWI) nearby

Svetlice is a village that stretches at the foot of the Eastern Beskids. The village had a total of approximately 100 inhabitants. 

In the region, you can find many interesting touristic places, like e.g.:

Lake Domaša https://sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ve%C4%BEk%C3%A1_Doma%C5%A1a

Bio swimming pool Snina http://biokupaliskosnina.sk/

Zoo Stropkov http://www.zoostropkov.sk/

Vihorlat observatory http://www.astrokolonica.sk/

Renaissance manor house in Humenné http://www.muzeumhumenne.sk/historia.html

Slovak opal mines https://www.opalovebane.com/

Open Air Museum Humenné http://www.muzeumhumenne.sk/skanzen.html

Public Transport

Bus stop in the village (http://cp.atlas.sk/bus/spojenie/ )

Further information sources

More information can be found on the following links:

www.kvhbeskydy.sk/vojenske-cintoriny-v-obci-svetlice/ 

 

Other heritage sites nearby

Museums Private Collections

Location

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