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Military Cemetery Mikulášová

The village is located 17 km northeast of the Bardejov district. It lies in the northern part of the Low Beskids in the valley of the Ondava River. The first written mention of the village of Mikuláš comes from 1414. Before the outbreak of the First World War, according to the population census of 1910, the village lived 345 inhabitants. At that time the village was named Miklósvölgye. Above the village there is a war cemetery from the First World War. The care of this war cemetery was commissioned during the inter-war period by Žandárská stanica in Zborov. The military cemetery located near the village of Mikulášová is one of the largest and most interesting in the Bardejov district. The cemetery is located one kilometer from the village in the eastern direction. The access to it leads through the forest path directly from the village. The War Cemetery has a respectable size of 42 x 45 meters.

Slovakia,

Type of WWI-heritage

  • Military cemetery

Dimensions

State of repair/preservation

The cemetery was reconstructed in the period of 2015 - 2017.

Historical WWI Context

There is very little information on this war cemetery in archive material. According to data from the cadastral letter, 173 unknown soldiers should be buried in 110 graves at the war cemetery. Of these, there are 78 graves, 31 common graves (4 graves with two soldiers, 27 tombs with three to five soldiers) and one shaft. This figure, however, does not correspond to the 1922 layout, according to which there are 110 graves at the cemetery (78 individual, 31 common and 1 shaft), but there are buried up to 180 unknown soldiers. The number of 180 soldiers killed in 110 graves (78 individual, 31 joint and 1 shaft) is also listed in the war cemetery in the district of Zborarska Zborov in 1921, 1922 and 1923. According to the sketch of 1925, the cemetery contains 117 graves with unknown the number of soldiers. This demonstrates that exhumations were carried out around Nicholas and buried the war cemetery. However, there is no documentation available.

The archive cemetery site does not contain bills of evidence for individual graves, or exhumation protocols mapping exhumations and clarifying the number of soldiers buried in this war cemetery. The archive component contains only 13 exhumation protocols developed by the Austrian-Hungarian Kriegsgräber Command.
Based on these exhumation protocols, we can identify the names of 12 Austro-Hungarian soldiers (one exhumed soldier was unknown). These soldiers were members of the Landwehr no. 3, 5, 11 and 27 (Landwehr-Infanterieregiment Graz No. 3, Landwehr-Infanterieregiment Triest Nr.5, Landwehr-Infanterieregiment Jicin No. 11 and Landwehr-Infanterieregiment Laibach No. 27). Of the twelve known soldiers there are two lieutenants (Stefan Röllig and Karl Strohmann) and two lieutenants (Heinrich Konrad and K. Marack).

State of legal protection

Not protected

Owner

Village Mikulášová

Kind of cultural use of WWI

Opening

Entrance Fee

No entrance fee

Information regarding cities, villages, other touristic attractions (non-WWI) nearby

In the northern part of the Low Beskids lies the village Mikulášová, which was founded in the second half of the 14th century. on the right of right to settlements with the nigel of St. Nicholas and was part of Makovický statehood, as confirmed by the oldest document from r. 1414, in which King Zigmund of Hungary confirmed to the noble Cudarov property of the above-mentioned estate. In the village's list Mikulášová is also called Myklosuagasa. The Cudarans have been in financial difficulties in the effort to further colonize their country, and therefore have been forced to part of their estate in 1414 to back Jan Bubek from Plešivec.

In the region, you can find many interesting places, like e.g.

Lake Domaša https://sk.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ve%C4%BEk%C3%A1_Doma%C5%A1a

Bio swimming pool Snina http://biokupaliskosnina.sk/

Zoo Stropkov http://www.zoostropkov.sk/

Vihorlat observatory http://www.astrokolonica.sk/

Renaissance manor house in Humenné http://www.muzeumhumenne.sk/historia.html

Slovak opal mines https://www.opalovebane.com/

Open Air Museum Humenné http://www.muzeumhumenne.sk/skanzen.html

Public Transport

Bus stop in the village (http://cp.atlas.sk/bus/spojenie/ )

Further information sources

Further information can be found on the following link:

www.kvhbeskydy.sk/vojnovy-cintorin-mikulasova-niklova/ 

Other heritage sites nearby

Museums Private Collections

Location

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